Cholesterol is a type of fat produced by the liver needed to regulate a variety of physiological functions. In the body, transporting cholesterol requires it to bound to particles called lipoproteins. If cholesterol circulating in the blood is high (above 200 milligrams per deciliter) diagnosis is hypercholesterolemia, which may be hereditary (these people may have high cholesterol at very early ages), and its development may also be favored by unhealthy or too caloric diet that leads to obesity. A diet high in saturated fat can promote the emergence and development of hypercholesterolemia, by the ability of this type of fat raise blood cholesterol levels.
By the action of oxygen circulating in the blood, lipoproteins are oxidized and tend to accumulate cholesterol carrying around the arteries hindering the passage of blood through them, thus increasing the risk of arteriosclerosis and myocardial infarction.
Dietary solution to high cholesterol
Dietary treatment involves, if overweight or obese, achieving a healthy weight through diet adequacy of the characteristics of the person. In the diet, besides the caloric adjustment, you have to control the quality of the fat, reducing the intake of foods that cause high cholesterol and saturated fat further. Polyunsaturated fat, especially the omega 3 fats present in fish, unlike saturated, exhibits a protective effect, since it reduces the viscosity of the blood, thereby reducing the risk of thrombus formation. Monounsaturated fat, whose main representative is olive oil also has a beneficial effect by increasing the good cholesterol (HDL-c) and prevent oxidation of bad cholesterol (LDL-c). It is also necessary to increase the consumption of foods rich in natural antioxidants, as the most recent lines of research support the ability of these substances to reduce or prevent the oxidation of fat particles and their subsequent accumulation in the artery walls. It is also known that fiber in certain foods (fruits, vegetables and algae) has the power to capture certain substances in the intestine preventing their absorption, including cholesterol and fats.
On the other hand, since hypercholesterolemia is a factor risk associated with the development of cardiovascular diseases, it is necessary to consider the abandonment of harmful habits such as consumption of snuff, which represent an additional risk in the occurrence of such diseases, and in case of hypertension, control of the levels of this.